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Mise à jour le 31 May 2023 à 10:26 am

Conferences and debates

These conferences are held monthly as part of the partnership between the Foundation and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of French Guyana. They are recorded for the MANIOC Collection of the University of Guyana's digital library.

Initial studies on the Petite Mer des Sargasses off French Guiana

Julie NEHMTOW (Doctor of Ecology),
Enzo COLLOMBAT (Environmental engineer, MBC design office),
Marion SUTTON (Project Manager, Environmental Applications, CLS Group)
- 2 May 2022

In 2020, the Grand Port Maritime de la Guyane launched two studies on sargassum. The aim was to assess the pre-feasibility of a project to transform sargassum into fertiliser for French Guiana, and to develop a methodology for collecting it at sea, transporting it to the port of Dégrad des Cannes and recycling it for the agricultural and agri-food sectors. These studies are also part of the port's commercial development and sustainable economy strategy.

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Initial studies on the Petite Mer des Sargasses off French Guiana

Malakit: an innovative research project to control malaria in remote forest areas

Malakit: an innovative research project to control malaria in remote forest areas

Maylis DOUINE - Researcher at the INSERM regional office, CHAR Cayenne

French Guiana faces a very specific context: a large reservoir of malaria on isolated gold-mining sites that are difficult to control due to the mobility of the people involved, geographical isolation and the political context.

Large-scale operational research has been carried out by the CHC's Inserm 1424 Antilles-Guyane Clinical Investigation Centre in French Guiana, in partnership with Brazil and Suriname. This Malakit pilot project assessed the effectiveness of distributing self-diagnosis and self-treatment kits along the borders with Brazil and Suriname in order to improve the correct use of anti-malarial treatments following a rapid malaria diagnostic test. The aim was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of this innovative strategy for controlling malaria on these illegal gold-mining sites.

During the 2-year trial (2018-2020), 4,766 kits were distributed to 3,733 people by mediators based in areas where gold panners cross the 2 borders. The evaluation showed that 30% of the target population took part, that the kits were used correctly (72%), that behaviour improved (+25% of diagnosis + appropriate treatment) and that the malaria situation on the Guyana Plateau improved (+43% reduction in the number of cases).

This innovative international project shows that people with little education can be trained to manage malaria symptoms themselves and to change their behaviour in very isolated situations. This strategy could be a new tool in the fight against malaria in other regions of the world that are similarly confronted with "residual malaria".

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Parasitic food risks linked to the consumption of meat from farmed animals and wildlife

Magalie PIERRE DEMAR - University Professor - Hospital Practitioner (PU-PH), Hospital Practitioner at the CHC and teacher-researcher at the University of Guyana and member of the "Tropical biome and Immunophysiopathology" research team at the Lille "Centre d'Infection et d'Immunité" joint research unit (TBIP-UMR CIIL) - 15 November 2021

Parasitic diseases linked to the consumption of animal meat involve micro-organisms whose biological cycle sometimes includes a development phase in the muscles of the infected host. Consumption of raw, undercooked or spoiled infected farmed or game meat is a frequent route by which parasites are transmitted to humans. The prime examples are toxoplasmosis and Amazonian toxoplasmosis.

During this conference, Prof. Magalie Pierre Demar will set out the issues in French Guiana and present the PARALIM research programme being conducted by the TBIP research team, the main aim of which is to contribute to the food safety of consumers and the population of French Guiana by assessing the risk of foodborne parasites associated with the consumption of meat in French Guiana.

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Protecting and enhancing the value of French Guiana's prisons, with a comparison of strategies in New Caledonia and Australia as they apply to tourism.

Linda AMIRI - Lecturer in contemporary history University of Guyana

In order to inform businesses about the research and development work being carried out in the research laboratories of the University of French Guiana, the University of French Guiana and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry are organising conference-debates once a month. The aim is to help build a shared vision of the opportunities for wealth creation and the resources to be mobilised for the local development of a lower-carbon, fairer and more harmonious society.

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Guiana penal colony

Raising the profile of Guyanese medical research in Latin America: lessons from histoplasmosis

Mathieu NACHER - PU-PH, HDR inter-regional director of the Antilles-Guyane Clinical Investigation Centre (Inserm CIC 1424) Cayenne Hospital - 3 May 2021

Through the history of a major thematic area of research into disseminated histoplasmosis, we will learn what we can hope to do in French Guyana to develop original, internationally recognised and locally useful health research. The creation of a Guiana university hospital will soon be a reality. The credibility of health research in French Guyana was an important factor in demonstrating the maturity of the project. This research dynamic will also be vital in improving the attractiveness of the region for new skills.

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Guiana's estuaries under the influence of the Amazon: new scientific knowledge for better management of port activities

Antoine GARDEL - Coastal geomorphologist at the CNRS - 06 April 2021

While the sedimentary functioning of temperate estuaries is relatively well documented, tropical estuaries are less so. They are often bordered by mangroves, which control the flow of water and sediment. In addition to the presence of mangroves, Guianese estuaries are characterised by their proximity to Amazonian mudflats, which migrate along the coastline, making them a highly original feature of the geographical context. Very recent studies on the Oyapock, Mahury and Maroni estuaries have shown that mudflats are an important source of material capable of creating turbidity within the estuary.

However, the influence of the Amazonian environment on the variability of estuarine circulation, the extent of saline intrusion and the processes involved in the formation of intra-estuarine mud plugs remain fundamental scientific questions that have not been resolved for most regional estuaries. However, a good understanding of the hydro-sedimentary dynamics of estuaries, as well as numerical modelling tools, are essential for better planning of port access channel maintenance operations and analysing their real impact on the physical, biological and human environment in the short and medium term. Beyond the objectives of understanding intrinsic to scientific research, the work initiated in recent years by interdisciplinary teams aims to provide knowledge for the sustainable management of estuaries that will have to undergo urban and industrial development, accompanied by increasing maritime traffic.

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Producing local weather data to support the energy transition, or for other purposes...

Laurent LINGET - Vice-President of the University of Guyana, Professor and member of the Espace Dev laboratory - 1st March 2021

At present, the most widespread methods of producing electrical energy generate harmful effects worldwide, the most well-known of which are the release of greenhouse gases and radioactive waste. Renewable energies make it possible to do away with these harmful effects while contributing to the sustainable development of the planet. Among the renewable energies available, photovoltaic solar power is the energy source that is expected to be the most widely deployed in the world in the future. One of the reasons for this growth is the continuing fall in the cost of producing photovoltaic energy, which will reach 82 % between 2010 and 2020.

French Guiana, for example, has enough sunshine to offer serious opportunities for the development of photovoltaic energy production systems.

But the widespread use of photovoltaic energy is not going to happen naturally. There are technological obstacles and constraints, and research must continue to improve the efficiency and profitability of photovoltaic systems, particularly in the tropics.

It is in this context that the research activities of the UMR Espace-dev come into play, with the aim of responding to the problems of the photovoltaic industry in the Amazonian context through the production of local meteorological data at high spatial resolution.

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Ifremer in French Guiana in the 21st century: from fisheries to sustainability sciences

Fabian Blanchard - Ifremer regional delegate in French Guiana, PhD in Biological Oceanography and qualified to direct research - 7 February 2021

The Institut Scientifique et Technique des Pêches Maritimes was established in French Guiana in 1971. In 1984, the merger of the ISTPM and the CNEXO gave rise to IFREMER, whose Guiana fisheries resources laboratory is dedicated to the study of shrimp and snapper fisheries, as well as coastal whitefish fishing. At the beginning of 2000, the only team working on the marine environment in French Guiana consisted of 5 people. Its work focused on supporting public policy. Over the next two decades, the coastal fishing observatory was set up. Research work has been carried out on the impact of fishing on biodiversity, the impact of climate change on resources and fisheries, and the economics of fisheries in response to the ecosystem approach required by the Common Fisheries Policy. Five theses have been completed. In 2016, this development led to a formal partnership with the CNRS and the University of Guyana as part of a joint research unit (LEEISA). Local expertise in the marine environment now includes 20 researchers, teacher-researchers, engineers, technicians, VSC engineers and doctoral students. A coastal research vessel is under construction and an analysis laboratory has been set up. At the same time, collaborative approaches between scientists and fishermen are developing, as is regional cooperation via an international working group on fisheries resources coordinated from French Guiana. Despite this progress, the knowledge required for the integrated management of the marine environment, its resources and economic activities is becoming increasingly extensive and complex, requiring ever more integrated and multidisciplinary approaches using new methodologies.

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From fisheries to sustainability science

Carrefour des créateurs (Radio Mayouri Campus)


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